The Bullseye load you decribe provides excellent accuracy. 1: NORMA R1: 49: Alliant Blue Dot: 97: Alliant Reloder 15: 2: Winchester WAALite: 50: Accurate Arms No. When you work up your h4350 load, chances are you'll end up with a grain or so more powder. by SteveT 9/6/2017, 2:24 pm. 58 Caliber T/C System 1 Rifles Bullets Lubricated with Bore Butter Use Musket Cap, #11 Cap or 209 Primer. Check powder for deterioration on a regular basis. No more spilled shot or bulged cases. ٠١/٠٢/٢٠٠٥ But powder scales measure weight. Rifle single base powders: Precision, SW4350, Long Rifle, & S071. black powder substitute pell Burn Rates « Accurate Powders. Lead thiocyanate 10%. WAA12SL 1202 11,900 Longshot 34. The size of the black powder particles is shown by the rating of 1F, 2F, 3F or 4F. Pour out only the amount of powder needed for the application being conducted; 7. A 1939 patent gives the following composition: Lead styphnate 33%. Complex hypophosphite salts have been used successfully as substitutes for both lead styphnate and tetracene. 100PK (4) 10oz (1) 12oz (3) 14oz (6) 15ft (1) 1lb (136) Hodgdon Lil Gun - 4 lb Item POWHLG4. If you don’t achieve the desired results, go up or down in 10 grain increments and try sighting again. There are powders which are designed for reduced fouling and cleaner burning. SAMPLE USAGE: Loading instructions call for 55 gr. Thanks to Downrange Manufacturing LLC (4170 North Gun Powder Circle, Hastings, NE, phone Kevin 402-463-3415, fax 3452) for reintroducing their excellent Versalite wads in both 12 GA and 20 GA offerings after a long absence. Actual burning rates can vary depending on the calibre, firearm, loading components and practices, as well as from powder lot to lot. ٠٢/٠٧/٢٠١٤ Until the mid-19th Century, gunpowder was the only known chemical explosive In some cases, safer alternatives to gunpowder that are more This law exempts antique firearms from any form of gun control or special engineering. Some are a little cleaner, some are not. Failure to follow safety guides could result in gun damage, injury or death to the user or bystanders. This is also sometimes show at F, FF, FFF or FFFF. With that in mind, we ran tests during our dry season with the humidity at 10% and during our monsoon season when the humidity reaches above 80%. Notice the chart below: Powder Charge (GR) Primer Wad Column Velocity (FPS) Pressure (PSI) 800X 32. Deteriorated powder is detected by its noxious odor (not to be confused with solvents such as alcohol or ether). The max order quantity of any powder SKU is 5 and we will only accept one order, per customer, per calendar month with a maximum weight of 48lbs. the gun handle to prevent shocks while operating manual electrostatic spray guns. Burn rate charts can never reflect the differences between powders in the correct proportion, and can smokeless gun powder, smokeless gun powder burn rate chart, using smokeless powder in a bla, A marketplace for all your armory purchases. The N133 I mentioned has a burn speed similar to IMR 8208 XBR and Hodgdon Cerakote, DuraCoat, and KG Gunkote are a few brand names on the spray-on gun coating list, but each differs in composition, and all cause a slight increase in dimensional thickness. Reloading Powder Comparison Chart and Loading Data. Using a nitro-powder comparison burn rate chart nitro-powder comparison burn rate chart can indicate other candidate propellants that are ranked close to Varget. 23) Vectan AS 85) Hodgdon Lil'Gun. 85) Hodgdon Lil’Gun 86) Alliant Power Pro 300 MP 87) Hodgdon H-110 88) Winchester 296 89) IMR-4227 90) Hodgdon H-4227 91) IMR SR-4759 92) Accurate 5744 93) Accurate 1680 94) Vectan SP-3 95) Winchester 680 96) Norma N200 97) Scot Brig 3032 98) Alliant Reloder 7 99) IMR-4198 100) Hodgdon H-4198 101) Vihtavuori N120 102) Hodgdon H-322 Thanks to Downrange Manufacturing LLC (4170 North Gun Powder Circle, Hastings, NE, phone Kevin 402-463-3415, fax 3452) for reintroducing their excellent Versalite wads in both 12 GA and 20 GA offerings after a long absence. NEVER substitute any smokeless powder for black powder, Pyrodex or muzzle Request from Reddit users /r/reloading to test and show the different burn rates of powders by lighting them on fire with matches. 5 Fed. Not any more! LIL'GUN was designed to fit, meter and perform flawlessly in the 410 BORE. The more Fs the finer the powder particles are. For Use With . That doesn’t mean you’re weighing charges to 1/10-grain accuracy on a digital powder scale. com 800-531-2666. 5. I do not believe the disclaimer at the bottom of the chart is strong enough. FFG. Reduce charges of Triple 7® powder by 15%. It's 45 miles from my place to the nearest gun shop. Before firing your gun, there are a few precautions that should be followed. Keep powder away from heat and open flames. My 69 cal smoothbore has similar loading charts. Bring to a boil. 0 Fed 209A Rem. The next powder is meant for magnum cartridges using heavy bullets. Store powder in a cool, dry place at all times. Never substitute smokeless powder for black powder. The main problem was the chore of cleaning. com offers only items are that are considered primitive or ٢٣/١٠/٢٠١٥ Sight in your rifle. Graf & Sons, Inc. 9 Win. 7. SP12 1380 10,300 1 smokeless gun powder, smokeless gun powder burn rate chart, using smokeless powder in a bla, A marketplace for all your armory purchases. LSWC for ca 720 fps - not only smoky but also residue of Let’s start with the 100 series. Pyrodex ®, introduced in 1976, is the most successful black powder substitute on the market. However, you still must research other sources to determine safe reloading recipes using the alternate powders. TGT-12 1195 12,400 800X 33. Never use a powder unless you are positive of its identity. . ejecta; powder gun and light-gas gun operational parameter adjustments to provide clean is clear Hodgdon Clays and Universal are cleaner alternatives to Gunpowder, any of several low-explosive mixtures used as propelling charges in guns and as blasting agents. grafs. In addition, WW 296 would have smokeless gun powder, smokeless gun powder burn rate chart, using smokeless powder in a bla, A marketplace for all your armory purchases. Burn rate charts provide an approximate comparison of gas generation rates between propellants. If you accidentally spill powder, use a broom and dust pan to clean it up. It only takes a cursory perusal of a loading manual to convince you that "equivalent" powders produce significantly different results in terms of velocities and pressures. Never use IMR powder data for any other powder types with similar numerical designations. BURNING RATE CHART View 25 photos for 7766 Satellite Cir Nw, . soundguy said: Looking at the chart that came with my traditions 50 ' it recommends ffg, but does list a fffg load ( that is smaller ). As a consequence, it must be understood that Australian Munitions cannot accept any responsibility for the use of this The max order quantity of any powder SKU is 5 and we will only accept one order, per customer, per calendar month with a maximum weight of 48lbs. Powder is a revolutionary black powder substitute made from gluconic acid, But… you should not substitute one powder for another just because they sit by each other on the rate chart. Add to Wish List. However, reading such a chart as a direct powder substitution chart is fraught with peril. Add your potassium nitrate. 0 Win. 48 ALLIANT BLUE DOT. We have a variety of pistol, rifle and shot shell powders. 209A One Fed. Remember that there is lot to lot variation in powder, and conceivably, a fast lot of H4350 could be faster than a slow lot of I4350. Velocities needed to stay under 1,100 fps to remain subsonic, so we used a powder charge that kept his velocities at 1,050 fps from his short barrel. Hodgdon Lil Gun - 8 lb smokeless gun powder, smokeless gun powder burn rate chart, using smokeless powder in a bla, A marketplace for all your armory purchases. black powder substitute pell Reloder 15 is good powder for 30 caliber. With proper care, your new gun should bring you a lifetime of shooting pleasure. 5 Creedmoor. The 410 shotshell has long been difficult to load due to shortcomings in powder fit, metering, and burning characteristics. Rather, it implores that you shouldn’t be satiated with the generic, 100-grain/vol. shotgun load. The company distributes gunpowder under the Hodgdon®, IMR®, Winchester® and Goex® brands. 7: 98: VihtaVuori N140: 3: VihtaVuori N310: 51: Alliant Pro Reach Black MZ is a citric-based powder, as such; it is less hydroscopic and should be cleaner burning and less corrosive than most other black powder substitutes. Practically speaking, burn-rate charts are only comparative guides to help you develop alternative handloads while searching for the right load that delivers the best performance in your gun. $59. ٠٤/٠٢/٢٠٠٩ Burn rate chart is not a good way at looking for substitute powders. 8 gr. Chart 1 converts weights of Black Powder (Goex FFg) to volume FFg for a 12 ga. Muzzleloaders, like firearms, benefit greatly from load experimentation. Black Powder - WARNING Never substitute smokeless powder for black powder or Pyrodex or mix smokeless powder with black powder or Pyrodex. (HAZMAT Fee Required) IMR 4198 Smokeless Powder- 1 Lb. According to the burning rate chart in the company’s 2019 Reloading Guide, N130 is similar in burn rate to Hodgdon BL(C)-2 and Alliant Reloder 10X. load consisting of two . The Winchester . Lbs. 209P One Rem. an a given day due to temperature change and pressure it can change a 42 HODGDON CFE PISTOL. Muzzle-Loaders. 5 inch). Step 3: Add isopropyl alcohol to charcoal/sulfur and mix thoroughly. ٠٩/٠١/٢٠١٦ I haven't been able to find a burn rate deviation chart for years now on modern powders and I never saved the one I found about 15 years ago, Powders within three lines of one another are similar in relative quickness but cannot be directly substituted without due regard for safe reloading DO NOT substitute any powder on a grain to grain level based on a burn rate chart. Rating: 0%. Compares Vectan Powder to The actual burning rate and position on this chart can be drastically altered by many factors including case size, bullet weight, expansion ratio, operating pressures, lot to lot variation, manufacture date, etc. In the USA, gun stores will sell you Cannon Grade, 1FG, and 5FG black powders as suitable substitutes respectively for the most commonly used 2fa black powder (for lift and burst), 4fa black powder (for lift and burst), and Meal D (for quick match fuse, rice hulls and priming). The chart names popular brands of reloading powder  Gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant in firearms, artillery, to newer alternatives such as dynamite and ammonium nitrate/fuel oil. 9. Powder Charge (grs) Primer Wad Column Velocity (fps) Pressure (psi) Titegroup 18. In fact, several different compositions have been used throughout history. Start with 100 grains of Black Powder and industry approved black powder substitutes, loose powder or pellets. Shut off electrostatic power supplies and ground gun electrodes before Shooters World distributes smokeless powder and propellant to reloaders and competitive shooters. ١٥/٠١/٢٠٢٠ and blackpowder substitute propellants. Chart 1 converts weights of Black Powder (Goex FFg) to volume equivalent weights of American Pioneer Powder FFg, Hodgdon 777 FFg, Goex Pinnacle FFg and FFFg and Pyrodex RS. Pyrodex also makes it easier to clean the gun after shooting. Glass powder 20% 579 Posts. Never, ever "just substitute". However, when propellants noted occupy the same burn rate, they likely have adequate substitutionary characteristics. 209 WAA12SL 1345 11,400 2 Winchester HS or Compression Formed Case (Double AA) 1 1/8oz. Accurate #2, Alliant American Select, Hodgdon Tite Group, Hodgdon Trailboss, Ramshot Zip. ) Sight in your rifle. A black powder substitute is a replacement for black powder used in muzzleloading and cartridge firearms. Black powder burns dirty and leaves a grimy residue in the barrel. Recommended Loads for the TK2000™ Muzzle loading is often referred to as "coal burning". 00. 58 Cal. Compares Vectan Powder to 579 Posts. If you don't have any load data for the loads you want to It is primarily a pistol powder but has some application in rifles. Lead Bullet Weight (Grains) So, several years ago, I developed item # 8N BPE (the 500gr. The fffg load is quite a bit smaller. As mentioned, it’s a single-base powder. FFg for a 12 ga. Stir continuously. WST and VV N-310 are cleaner burning powders but you still will have a lot of residue from the bulet lube, powder and lead. It fell into disuse at the end of 1800's as higher energy colloid-based propellants were far safer to manufacture, use, and store. If burning smokeless powder is confined, gas pressure will rise and eventually can cause the container to burst. Burn rate isn’t an industry standard that is objectively measured and every chart is an estimate of where that powder stacks up against another. use only the proper grade of black powder or black powder substitutes such ®as Pyrodex ® powder, Pyrodex Pellets or Triple 7 powder & Triple 7 pellets in properly measured amounts. There are several good handgun powders for that use such as AA-1680, H-110 and 4227 and IMR 4427. 10. I figure its a waste of pistol powder in them anyway. Black powder is the name given to the earliest known chemical explosive. If gloves must be worn, cut away the palm or fingers, wear electrically conductive gloves, or wear a grounding strap connected to the gun handle or other true earth ground. Powder equivalents Note: This table shows only approximate equivalent values within about 5%. S. NEVER substitute any smokeless powder for black powder, Pyrodex or muzzle loading powder. of burned gunpowder and other foulings produced by firing a cartridge. 209 WAA12SL 1290 10,100 2 Titegroup 20. It withstands impact effectively and smokeless gun powder, smokeless gun powder burn rate chart, using smokeless powder in a bla, A marketplace for all your armory purchases. R12L 1233 11,600 With the realization they burn rates are variable based on application, lot to lot powder variation, and the ambient conditions the powder is being used in. Powders within three lines of one another are similar in relative quickness but cannot be directly substituted without due regard for safe reloading Your reloads should not exceed maximum loads listed on the included chart. Smokeless powder has much more energy than black powder or Pyrodex. Hodgdon US 869 Rifle Powder 1lb. 8. 43 VIHTAVUORI 3N37. A relative Burn Rate Chart can be found here. 22) Scot Red Diamond. 1 Win. Pyrodex P is the equivalent of Triple-F or FFFg black powder. It powder for Black Powder or any Black Powder substitute. Substituting or mix- 5. Black powder is, of course, the earliest of the black powder genre propellants. 47 WINCHESTER 572. Be sure to reference the chart in this booklet for recommended loads. ٠٦/٠٤/٢٠٢١ Never substitute smokeless powder would be collected by our barchart schedules a direct contaweakening of gunpowder cross reference chart of ٢٠/٠١/٢٠١٣ Hodgdon H4895 Smokeless Gun Powder 1lb NEW Choose items to buy together. Other factors intervene. When the same powder is found in at least 3 lists, it averages the ranking to produce an aggregate list. #16 · Mar 4, 2012. This powder is made for full charge loads and as such is not recommended for reduced loads. A well-known ammo company uses a low bulk density on their . For guns under 1 inch refer to standard black powder loading data for the appropriate caliber, use the suggest grade of powder for the caliber and reduce the load substantially, For gun over 1 inch use the Switlik chart a Fg or Cannon grade powder. PLEASE NOTE: All orders ship within 10-15 business days. Pour out only the amount of powder necessary for the application being conducted; 7. 1396 F. 209 One Win. I am leaning toward only using Reloder 16 for pushing 140g projectiles out of my Ruger Precision Rifle. If you don't Shotgun powder bushing charts; World Class Powders & Ammunition. 470 Nitro Express cartridges without a filler wad to hold the powder against the primer. (HAZMAT Fee Required) IMR 4227 Smokeless Powder- 1 Lb. The lower the number, the faster the burn. 13 Alliant Bullseye 63 Hodgdon LIL' GUN 113 Accurate Arms 2700 14 IMR Co IMR TARGET 64 Hodgdon 110 114 IMR Co IMR 4350 15 Hodgdon TITEGROUP 65 Winchester 296 115 IMR Co IMR 4451 16 Alliant American Select 66 IMR Co IMR 4227 116 Hodgdon H4350 17 Accurate Arms Solo 1000 67 Accurate Arms 5744 117 Alliant Reloder 17 Muzzleloaders, like firearms, benefit greatly from load experimentation. Load Shown in Red is Maximum. Today I mainly wanted to discuss which black powder size you should use for each application. Lead Loads Powder Charge (grs) Primer Wad Column Velocity (fps) Pressure (psi) SR 4756 31. Fastest . Another comprehensive chart that includes lots of foreign powders: NEVER substitute any smokeless powder for black powder, Pyrodex or muzzle loading powder. load) for him to kill elk with in his suppressed Marlin Guide Gun (18. 45 VIHTAVUORI 3N38. 1) Norma R-1. Since 777 is, 15% more powerful than Goex FFg, those adjustments are included. Dear Black Powder Shooter: Congratulations on purchasing your new Lyman Black Powder Gun. 49 ACCURATE NO. BURN RATE CHART. P. For Burn rates for a specific powder are subject to lot-to-lot variations, as well as temperature and other loading conditions. This list is sorted from the powders with the fastest burn rates to those with the slowest burn rates. H4895 is close, but not a direct substitute for IMR4895. The individual assumes all risk of safe loading practices. Industry tests have shown that a powder's location on this list can shift by 5 - 6 positions or more depending on conditions. I am working on revamping this catalog, see the newer versions below. Never smoke while handling powder Black MZ is a citric-based powder, as such; it is less hydroscopic and should be cleaner burning and less corrosive than most other black powder substitutes. Chart 1 shows the correlation between velocity and maximum distance of pattern. Do not stockpile powder - store and utilize the amount of powder necessary for your current reloading needs; 9. Lead nitrate 14%. Barium nitrate 16%. 58 Caliber Rifle. NEVER MIX OR SUBSTITUTE powders with other powders This chart should NOT be used to directly substitute one propellant for another. 0 Rem. Using T/C . Clark St. 3004 Main Street Union Gap, WA 98903 Phone: (509) 823-4394 Fax: (509) 823-4396 Discussion Starter · #7 · Oct 26, 2016. All of our black powder products are the result of extensive thought and testing. 2) Winchester WAALite 21) Alliant Sport Pistol. Step 4: Measure 1/4 cup (40 ml) of water for every 1/2 cup (100 grams) of Saltpeter aka potassium nitrate in an old pan. To view this list in a PDF format, click the button below. LSWC for ca 720 fps - not only smoky but also residue of Cerakote, DuraCoat, and KG Gunkote are a few brand names on the spray-on gun coating list, but each differs in composition, and all cause a slight increase in dimensional thickness. For your reference, we offer a comprehensive list of Relative Burn Rates* for all gun powders. Black powder substitutes exist to solve some of the problems of black powder while still being safe to use in firearms designed for black powder. Reloder 16 and IMR4350 are good powders for 6. For Accurate #2, Alliant American Select, Hodgdon Tite Group, Hodgdon Trailboss, Ramshot Zip. (HAZMAT Fee Required) IMR 4320 Smokeless Powder- 1 Lb. DO NOT VACUUM the spilled powder; 8. It is my most used powder both in cap-and-ball and cartridge-firing sixguns when black powder loads are desired. Hodgdon TripleSeven and Pyrodex black powder substitute propellants can be used in black powder sixguns. The burning rate of smokeless powder increases with increased pressure. 2337 Ft. Powder (331) RELOADING (2) Caliber Diameter. 2. TGT-12 1215 12,600 Longshot 32. Calcium hypophosphite 7%. Black Powder and genuine black powder substitutes are the ONLY powders to use in a muzzle loading firearm. HS-700X, Rem LP behind a 185 gr. Step 2: Mix in the proper ratio of sulfur and charcoal. Products purchased on our site are NOT FOR RESALE. ١٣/٠٨/٢٠١٠ Pyrodex Triple Seven Goex Black Powder From: James Sent: Thursday, August 05, 2010 4:13 PM To: Help Account Subject: Shotgun Primers There are no substitutes for smokeless gun powder. In addition, LIL'GUN has many magnum pistol applications and is superb in the 22 Hornet. Pyrodex, a substitute for black powder. 30-30 cartridge sold in 1895 for the Model 1894 lever gun marked the end of blackpowder for general sporting use. The propellants from Hodgdon, IMR and Winchester are supplied in the usual 454-gram cans. The shotshell reloading process. (HAZMAT Fee Required) IMR 4350 Smokeless Powder- 1 Lb. Primer Cross Reference Chart Becoming Graf & Sons What started as a small dream has become a multi-million dollar international business selling ammunition, reloading supplies and accessories. 50 Caliber Maxi-Ball & Maxi-Hunter Loads. 6. Alliant Powder Reloder 15 Smokeless Medium Rifle Powder 5 lbs. • Do not substitute powder based on this chart without checking load data specifically for the powder you plan to use. 13 Alliant Bullseye 63 Hodgdon LIL' GUN 113 Accurate Arms 2700 14 IMR Co IMR TARGET 64 Hodgdon 110 114 IMR Co IMR 4350 15 Hodgdon TITEGROUP 65 Winchester 296 115 IMR Co IMR 4451 16 Alliant American Select 66 IMR Co IMR 4227 116 Hodgdon H4350 17 Accurate Arms Solo 1000 67 Accurate Arms 5744 117 Alliant Reloder 17 Black powder is, of course, the earliest of the black powder genre propellants. Mexico MO 65265 www. Burn rates for a specific powder are subject to lot-to-lot variations, as well as temperature and other loading conditions. 4050 S. Firearm Propellants: Gunpowder, Nitrocellulose, Smokeless Powder, Black Powder Substitute, Hodgdon Powder Company, Improved Military Rifle by LLC Books, It shows what equivalent powders to the one you may already use are in the different makes available. 1 NORMA R1 2 Winchester WAALite 3 VihtaVuori N310 4 Accurate Arms Nitro 100 5 Alliant e3 ADI Name Hodgdon Name AS25BP / Trail Boss Trail Boss AS30N Clays AS50N International Clays AP70N Universal Clays AR2205 IMR 4227 - H4227 AR2207 H4198 AR2215 IMR 4198 AR2219 H322 AR2206H H4895 AR2208 Varget AR2209 H4350 AR2213 H4831 AR2213SC H4831SC AR2217 H1000 AR2218 H50BMG AR2225 Retumbo Benchmark2 BenchMark Winchester Name Hodgdon Name Win 231 HP38 Win 296 H110 RWS Rhino Name Alliant Name Re: Powder Cross over equivalent chart. By the way, the black powder substitutes Hodgdon Pyrodex P, Pyrodex RS, Pyrodex Select, Triple Seven FFg and FFFg are still available. Items 37 - 54 of 75 Add Hodgdon US 869 Smokeless Gun Powder 1 lb to Cart. 50 caliber, 50-grain/vol. Black powder substitutes offer a number of advantages over black powder, primarily including reduced sensitivity as an explosive and increased efficiency as a propellant powder. Detonation can be a problem with black powder if there is space between the powder and projectile. 44 VIHTAVUORI N350. 46 IMR BLUE. Never use smokeless powder in black powder firearms or in saluting can-nons. If you unilaterally plug and play a substitute powder, you can damage the firearm, and you may be seriously injured or killed. Innovation is a key part of Hodgdon’s philosophy and buy cheap zithromax values 120 grs. 1/4" felt under shot 1159 12,300 Blue Dot 42. • Burn rates for a specific powder are subject to lot-to-lot variations, as well as temperature and other loading conditions. smokeless gun powder, smokeless gun powder burn rate chart, using smokeless powder in a bla, A marketplace for all your armory purchases. The Excel spreadsheet ranks the powders within each list from 0% (fastest) to 100% (slowest). Please refer to our Sales and Shipping Policy for more information. 12S3 One 20 ga. For my 25 yard bullsye load I use 3. The composition of black powder or gunpowder is not set. Several black powder substitutes are offered these days. Innovation is a key part of Hodgdon’s philosophy and buy cheap zithromax values 3004 Main Street Union Gap, WA 98903 Phone: (509) 823-4394 Fax: (509) 823-4396 The 45 Colt cartridge was originally loaded with black powder. Powder burn rate charts are OK to give you an idea of relative burn I don't believe in stereotyping whether it be people, gunpowder burn [Archive] Powder substitutions Handloading, Reloading, and Bullet Casting. With this in mind: 1. Recommended Loads for the TK2000™ Nowadays, reputable manufacturers of powder, bullets, and reloading supplies put their data online. Substituting or mix- Step 2: Mix in the proper ratio of sulfur and charcoal. DuraCoat is a two-step chemical coating engineered explicitly for firearms and is user-friendly for do-it-yourself gun owners. IMR 4166 Smokeless Powder- 1 Lb. Pistol and Shotgun Powder Catalog. It is used as a blasting powder and a propellant for firearms, rockets, and fireworks. This chart should NOT be used to directly substitute one propellant for another. continue to burn (and generate gas pressure) until the powder is entirely consumed. Pyrodex products are safer, cleaner burning and produces 30% more shots per pound than common black powder. A few years ago I combined several powder burn rate charts. Shooters World Lovex Western Powders Hodgdon Powders When it burns under pressure as in a cartridge fired in a gun, smokeless powder produces very little smoke, a small glow, and leaves very little or no residue. Do not substitute powder based on this chart without checking load data specifically for the powder you plan to use.